Types of Embroidery – A Guide on Different Hand Embroidery Techniques

Needlework, types of stitches, and embroidery have been used for centuries in decorating fabric. The art of using threads into beautiful and eye-catching threadwork is called embroidery. Embroidery is one of the most diverse forms of skill that is enriched with many cultural heritages.

 The dedicated craftsmen around the world have their styles of embroidery that the world cherishes. It does not matter if the embroidery is done by hand or by a machine; it is always beautiful.

types of embroidery

Let us take you on a journey of different types of embroidery techniques that the world is obsessing over. Many artisans use these embroideries alone or together to create unforgettable masterpieces for you.

Types of Embroidery

1. Counted Thread Embroidery

The counted thread technique is one of the basic techniques among different types of hand embroidery. As the name suggests, this embroidery involves counting the number of threads for each stitch. Therefore, the embroidery has all symmetrical stitches and can be used in making many beautiful patterns.

counted thread embroidery

2. Crewel Embroidery

Crewel embroidery, also known as crewelwork, uses yarns for the thread. Since the yarn is thicker than the cotton thread usually used in the embroidery, the embroidery has more texture and body. It is a perfect choice for tapestries and decorating cushion covers and blankets to give your bedding a stylish look.

Crewl Embroidery

3. Whitework Embroidery

Whitework Embroidery is unknown as French Laid work too. As the name implies, the whitework uses white fabric and white thread floss to make amazing patterns. It is based on many beautiful techniques to bring innovative designs.

whitework embroidery

4. English Embroidery

English Embroidery or Broderie Anglaise is one of the oldest embroidery techniques. It is associated with the regal English Century. This embroidery uses the base technique of whitework embroidery and uses a pattern of lace and cutwork altogether. This gives a royal look to your clothing.

5. Patchwork Embroidery

Patchwork by embroidering the small pieces of fabric onto another fabric as a base is a beautiful art. The fabric arrangement creates a beautiful design while the edges are concealed with the thread of choice. 

Whether you use a machine or get it done by the needle, it still is gorgeous and can be used in many ways. The most typical form of utilizing the patchwork embroidery technique is in making quilts and cushions. But modern fashion also uses it in women’s clothing.

Patchwork Embroidery

6. Candlewicking Embroidery

It is no surprise that the Candlewicking embroidery is also based on whitework embroidery and an old stitching technique called a colonial knot. The colonial knots create a design line that is ideal for borders. It uses a heavy and unbleached cotton thread—also the traditional way to make it in unbleached cloth or muslin.

Candlewicking Embroidery

7. Cross Stitch Embroidery

Cross stitch embroidery makes the “X” or cross stitches into a pattern. Usually, it uses the basics of counted thread for even and eye-catchy designs. Many artisans or machines are using a graph or grid format for symmetrical results. 

Women in the Sub-continent use this embroidery for their drapes, bed sheets, and clothing.

Cross Stitch Embroidery

8. Shadow Work Embroidery

Shadow work embroidery is another beautiful style that is very popular in the Sub-continent for women’s clothing. 

The herringbone stitch is usually made with a medium-thick cotton thread. The transparent or semi-transparent fabric is used as a base so that the embroidery is visible. The fabrics traditionally used are lawn, organza, batiste, muslin, georgette, or any lightweight and semi-sheer fabric.

Shadow Work Embroidery

9. Fish Scale Embroidery

Surprisingly, the embroidery replicates the scale of the fish as a design. For many centuries, the fish scale embroidery was done over the velvet and worn by the women. 

The technique of fish scale embroidery is followed by creating base circles or holes, and then the scales like shapes are embroidered into flowers, fish, or patterns. This technique is ideal for tapestries and women’s clothing.

Fish Scale Embroidery

10. Pulled Thread Embroidery or Drawn Thread Embroidery

Pulled thread embroidery or Drawn Thread Embroidery is a cross between whitework and counted thread embroideries. The thread or group of threads are embroidered so that when tightened, it creates a mosaic and gaps. 

The fabric is usually used in fine and soft, like lawn and loosely woven linen or cotton. It is ideal for making laces, borders for bed sheets, tablecloths, and table runners. Pulled thread embroidery is suitable for making hems for women’s clothing.

Another form of such embroidery is called Hedebo, which originated in Denmark in the early 15th Century. Hedebo embroidery was trendy for making hem laces for the royals, noblemen, and affluent families.

Pulled Thread Embroidery

11. Blackwork Embroidery

Blackwork Embroidery first originated in Spain and had the base of counted thread embroidery. The traditional way was to use the fine black thread on any white or colored cloth, but the different kinds of black threads were involved as time passed. Multiple styles of stitches are used in this embroidery for tapestries and clothing.

Blackwork Embroidery

12. Hardanger Embroidery

Hardanger embroidery is like a distinct cousin of drawn thread embroidery. It originated in a city in Norway called Hardanger, as the name indicates. This technique uses the cutwork technique, and satin stitches draw and pull the thread to make geometric and intricate designs where the drawn or pulled thread embroidery technique does not use cutwork.

Hardanger Embroidery

13. Huck Embroidery

Huck embroidery, also known as Swedish weaving, is restricted to the huckaback fabric and uses a darning stitch for designing. It also uses a special kind of needle called a “Blunt needle” or cotton floss needle. It is a fantastic choice for beginners because the fabric has a visible pattern on it. The beginner can easily make geometric designs without any graph and pre-drawn assistance. 

People get very creative with it since the material is ideal for tapestries, table runners, and decoration.

Huck Embroidery

14. Sashiko Embroidery

Sashiko Embroidery originated in Japan. It uses a fine thread and uses a running stitch to make the geometric and symmetrical design look tremendous.

Traditionally the fabric used for sashiko embroidery is always dark, and the thread is always light. It is very minimalistic and always ideal for decorative fabric for wall hangings. One of the typical designs is the overlapping circles made with running stitches. This gives a decent look at your personality. 

Sashiko Embroidery

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